UPTHRUST PARK IN SIMO

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FRONT PAGE
Learn about a natural phenomenon caused by the Earth's climate change. In Simo post-glacial rebound park, the continuously rising land causes the sea to retreat further from the continent. Every year the land surface in the park area increases the size of a house lot, shipping routes are becoming shallower and new islands are formed all the time. Information plaques and maps in the park will help you see the signs of post-glacial rebound and the changes the landscape has gone through during the past few centuries. Learn more about post-glacial rebound!

In Scandinavia, land is rising as a result of the ice age.
The last ice age, called "Veiksel", covered Scandinavia and part of Europe with a thick glacier. The glacier covering Scandinavia was 1,000–3,700 metres thick, and it pressed the 60-metre thick continental plate underneath it into a dent. In the park area the pressure of the ice against the crust of the earth was approx. 3000 tons per square kilometre. The depth of the dent caused by the glacier varied from tens to hundreds of metres. In the area of the park the dent was about 900–1000 metres deep.

During the past 10,000 years the dent has started to straighten out, which can be seen in the seashore moving further from the continent. Simo post-glacial rebound park has 10 information points where you can learn about how the shoreline has moved during the last 500 years. Because the land rebound is strongest in the Bothnian Bay area, changes in the shore landscape are also very clear here. The oldest residents in the area can remember when the seashore used to be closer to habitation and boat harbours closer to houses. Change is slow, but the sea level has gone down by almost a metre during the lifetime of the area's oldest inhabitants.

Today there are still places where glaciers are pressing the earth's crust in this way. For example, the current situation in the Antarctic and Greenland are similar to that in Scandinavia 15,000 years ago. In Greenland the thickness of the glacier in the middle of the island is over 3 km, and it has pressed the earth's crust underneath it below the sea level.


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Fennovoima Oy
Pohjolan Sanomat Oy
Rajakiiri Oy
Rantakairan Sähkö Oy
Simon Turvejaloste Oy
Simonkylän maa-ja vesialueen osakaskunta
Stora Enso Oy
Tuuliwatti Oy
Vapo Oy